Before gorillas inhabited the entire rain forest that stretched from the coast of West Africa to the western arm of the Great Rift Valley. But due to climate changes they divided into western and eastern populations. There three subspecies namely western lowland gorilla(Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in the lowland rainforests of west Africa, Eastern lowland gorillas (gorilla gorilla graueri) inhabits the forests of eastern Congo and Mountain gorillas (gorilla gorilla beringei) found in the high altitudes of Bwindi forests in Uganda and Virunga Volcanoes in Rwanda. Because of the higher altitude forests, the mountain gorillas developed longer hair, broader jaws, wider chests that distinguish them from their lowland counterparts. The Virunga, Mgahinga and Bwindi gorillas are genetically the same subspecies.
The Gorillas usually inhabit areas around tropical rainforests that are characterized with annual rainfall Amounts as well as varying temperatures of 23°C and the daylight that takes about 12 hours. The rainfall amounts vary from one region to another affecting the type of vegetation that grows in the area as well as the kind og Gorillas that inhabit the thick vegetation. In the Lowland regions, dry seasons take longer hence leading to the growth of vegetation types including thorny shrubs, trees, and succulents which are plants that have the ability to store water in their cells. There are other regions that experience wet and dry seasons and these consist of deciduous forests and shrubs which lose their leaves in the dry season and generate new ones when it rains.
If you are interested in Mountain Gorillas transfer to Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National park and Mgahinga National Park, Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park as well as DR Congo’s Virunga National Park to enjoy and experience the best Gorilla encounters while in Africa. If you prefer to track the Eastern Lowland Gorillas, you will transfer to the vast green Kahuzi Biege National Park to experience the best Gorilla Adventures in DR Congo.
The Western Lowland Gorillas inhabit the green tropical rain forests of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo, and Equatorial Guinea in the western part of Africa. They are very many in number about 92,000.
The cross river Gorillas inhabit the tropical rain forests between Nigeria and Cameroon.